People under the Tatras were usually farmers or shepherds. These activities were closely connected with typical folk crafts, such as production of working tools, pottery, locksmithery and joinery, processing of flax, which was transported from Štrba on wooden rafts along with healing herbs, oils of conifers and other goods from Poland. Shepherd´s products had a rich tradition. Handicraftsmen still keep the tradition of crafts alive and carve wood, produce shepherd´s hatchets, puppets dressed in folk costumes, Easter eggs etc.
The territory of the Tatra region is diverse, both from the geographical and ethnographical point of view. The region still has elements of traditional folk culture. There are several ethnical groups, such as Gorals, Spiš Germans, Ruthenians and inhabitants of original Spiš districts. Folklore traditions are kept mainly in the villages of Lendak, Ždiar and Javorina, located on the foot of the Belianske Tatra Mts. Folk culture and folklore in this region are rather interconnected. They differ from neighbouring regions of Poland and Slovakia, though. They are different when it comes to the dialect, folk costumes, music, dance or singing. Folk dances used to be very popular in the past at celebrations where all age groups would dance and entertain themselves. However, they were organised only rarely, especially from spring to autumn when there was a lot of work that needed to be done on fields. People would live on products they grew and animals they kept.
Our ancestors had traditional folk costumes with various forms, materials and decorations according to individual geographical regions. Traditions of our ancestors, their way of life, housing, clothes or farming are showed at the museum of Ždiarsky house in Ždiar. It is divided in two parts – a residential and a working area. The residential part hosts an exhibition of folk traditions – local costumes, toys, dolls, pets etc. There are also various tools and musical instruments known in the Northern Spiš region mainly.
When visiting the Tatra region, one can meet the traditional Slovak cuisine too, with local specialities such as dumplings filled with bryndza (sheep cheese product), sauerkraut soup or gnocchi with bryndza. These meals are very simple and form the basis of the Slovak cuisine. Their ingredients included and still include milk, potatoes, sauerkraut and sheep cheese products, which have a very strong tradition in the region under the Tatras due to ideal climatic conditions. They taste delicious at original shepherd´s huts and chalets.