Various eminent personalities that went down in history were born in the region of the Tatras. Johann Georg Reiner is one of the most significant personalities of the High Tatras. He came to Starý Smokovec in 1833. He contributed to the general development of the area, especially the spa tradition and tourism. In 1847, he dedicated his natural-scientific collections to the National Museum in Budapest and left his property to support schools in the Spiš region – the Lyceum of Kežmarok namely. He is buried at the cemetery in his native town part Spišská Sobota. However, his grave has ceased to exist already and was replaced by a plaque only. The first tourist hostel in the High Tatras was built in 1863 on his initiative and named Rainer´s chalet. It is one of the oldest and smallest chalets in this territory. Thanks to Peter Petras, there is a mini-exposition of Tatra sherpas and historical alpine equipment inside of it.
The mountain guide, climber, ski instructor, cameraman and mountain rescuer Juraj Weincziller was a significant personality too. He was born in Poprad and climbed Gerlachovský štít (peak) at the age of 13 already. When he grew up, he was working at the department of the Slovak Academy of Sciences at Lomnický štít (peak), later at the Monitoring measuring centre of the Management of Radio Communications. In 1971, he started to work as a cameraman for the Slovak Television company. He would record events in the Tatras and the neighbourhood. He took part at various expeditions as a cameraman and visited 70 countries of the world. He made more than 500 ascents in the High Tatras, including 45 first-ascents. He saved life of a Mexican climber when climbing to Aconcagua and was given a Fair play award in 1983 by UNESCO (along with Ivan Fiala and Vincent Dubeň). He won several awards at festivals of mountain films (Trento, Poprad) and worked as a voluntary member of the Mountain Rescue Service.
A big jewel of the Hungarian Empire – that´s how he was called. He was the first Slovak who described a part of the Tatras, the one that was administered by the region of Liptov. And before this, in 1723, his Hungariae antiquae et novae prodomus (Introduction to the history of past and present Hungary) had been published, which had described the region of Spiš and mentioned the Tatras too. He cooperated with Štefan Berzevicz, Daniel Fischer, Juraj Bohuš, Buchholtz brothers and Jakub Kray, who lived and worked in Kežmarok and Veľká Lomnica.
A Camaldolese monk from Červený Kláštor, born in Silesian Polkovce, born Jäschke. He was a physician, pharmacist, botanist, alchemist and constructor. The most preserved work of his was a herbarium of the years 1766 to 1771, which contains 272 species of healing herbs including at least 40 from the territory of the High Tatras, mainly Javorová dolina (valley). Vague information about his constructor activity mention wings he made and used for flying from Mt. Tri koruny in the Pieniny Mts. to the Tatras. He fell foul of religious authorities due to these activities and according to a record from 1760 made by a professor in Rimavská Sobota, Cyprian´s “devil´s wagon” was burnt down on the square of Spišská Belá by order of the Bishop of Nitra, Ladislav Mattyasovszky of Markušovce. His activities ranked him among the first pioneers of flying. Information about his death is unclear.
A climber from Budapest, who was one of the best women climbers in the Tatras at the turn of the 19th and 20th century. She was usually accompanied by the mountain guide Johann Franz Sr. when making ascents. She was active in the Tatras until 1910 and was famous for winter ascents mainly, e.g. 4th winter ascent to Ľadový štít (peak) in history or an attempt to make the 1st ascent to Gerlachovský štít (peak) in the season 1903/1904.
He came to the Tatras in 1926 at the age of 19, as good as empty-handed. He started to work as a sherpa at Zbojnícka and Téry´s chalet. Later, he became a chalet keeper and in 1942-43, he built his own tourist chalet at the mouth of the valley Malá Studená dolina. There he used to hide people persecuted by the Gestapo during the Slovak National Uprising. Zamkovský was one of the best paid Slovak climbers between the world wars. He would use his experience as a mountain rescuer and mountain guide too. After WWII, he became an “enemy of the system”, his chalet got nationalised and he and his family had to leave the High Tatras in 1952. He settled down at Počúvadlianske jazero (lake) near Banská Štiavnica, where he died in 1961.
The development of art and craft traditions formed a significant local architect Gedeon Majunke (1854 – 1921, Spišská Sobota). He came from an Italian family that settled down in the region of Spiš. He had 3 sons and a daughter with his wife Alica. At the time of a big constructional boom in the High Tatras, he made use of his archaeological studies at Alpine tourist centres. His projects were used for tourist destinations, spa and public buildings in the High Tatras or classicistic buildings in towns and spa towns below the Tatras. He restored various Spiš manor houses and designed houses or factory and administrative buildings. Elements of his architectonic design can be seen on various gravestones at Spiš cemeteries and public parks.
When speaking about significant personalities born in the region of the Tatras, we shouldn´t forget to mention the famous Brokoff dynasty. The Hungarian King Matthew was here for a certain period too. And the famous Slovak traveller Maurice Benyovszky was born in Spišská Sobota.